Crash Diets and Health Risks
What are Crash Diets?
Is a diet that is under 1200 calories eaten daily. It is not a very healthy methods of weight loss that deliver results in a very short span. There are many effects of crash dieting including short-term weight loss, dehydration, nutritional deprivation, leading to long- term health complications.
Crash diet tends to make dieters tired, irritable and lethargic and brings on food cravings. There's a rapid weight loss, making it look like the plan is working. At this point, you haven't actually lost any fat; all that's happened is that you've used up the body's limited store of glycogen, a form of carbohydrate. As you use up the glycogen, your body loses water with it, so you appear to be losing weight very quickly.
Primarily, crash diets slow down your body’s metabolic rate. Your body wants to maximize each calorie it receives because it is afraid of starvation so continued weight loss after the crash diet is extremely difficult.
The short-term dehydration and nutritional deprivation, can go hand in hand. Even if you consume a lot of water throughout your diet it is hard for your body to retain water if you are not eating balanced meals. Severely restricting your caloric intake deprives your body of vitamins, carbohydrates, proteins and nutrients that it needs to sustain itself.
Having a diet free from fat is not acceptable since your body needs 30% of its daily calories to come from fats leading to malnourishment. Leading to weakening of the immune system, development of gallstones, hair loss & cholesterol related disorders. In addition, a lot of crash diets suggest the use of laxatives or salt water flushes which increase risk of dehydration and don’t allow the body to absorb nutrients and fats which in turn leads to nutritional deprivation.
Further, weight gain is another issue due to change in metabolic rate that your body goes through while you are crash dieting. Thereafter, due to the body’s adjusted metabolism, it becomes increasingly difficult for you to loose weight.